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Virginia Foster Care and Adoption Guidelines
Every year, children enter the foster care system in need of safety, security, nurturing, and love. Many of Virginia’s children are able to return to their birth family, but many are not and are in need of a family willing to make a permanent commitment.
Things You Should Know
We encourage families to consider becoming a resource family, which is a family that is there for a child when they come into the foster care system and are willing to adopt that child if they cannot go home. If this is what you would like to do, contact your Local Department of Social Services for more information.
View a list of Virginia Department of Social Services offices.
If you don’t think being a foster or resource parent is the right thing for you, we also have children in foster care already waiting for someone to step forward and make a commitment to adopt them. If you are ready to adopt a child in foster care, call: 1-800-DO-ADOPT (800-362-3678).
If you are interested in a specific child available in Virginia, or want to read about some of the children in Virginia available for adoption, visit: Heart Gallery Virginia or, call our 1-800-DO-ADOPT number and adoption staff will talk with you about how to proceed.
Some people are interested in adopting infants. If this sounds like you, please call a licensed private child placing agency for additional information. View a complete list of Virginia licensed private agencies.
We are looking forward to hearing from you so we can tell you about how wonderful our children are, about their needs, and what you need to do to start your journey to become a foster and/or an adoptive parent.
We realize this is a big step for you, and we understand you need to have a lot of questions answered and, for many of you, a lot of time to think about whether or not you want to take the next step. We are here to support, but not to pressure you in any way. Our Local Department of Social Services staff and the Licensed Private Child-Placing Agency staff are able to answer your questions about things like:
- What are the requirements to become a resource, foster or adoptive parent in Virginia?
- How long does it take to become approved as a resource, foster or adoptive parent?
- Are there costs or fees involved to become approved as a resource, foster or adoptive parent?
- If I foster or adopt, are there resources available to assist in caring for a child’s special needs?
- Are there support groups that Virginia’s foster or adoptive parents can access?
There are 5,078 children in foster care in Virginia. Of these children, 1,342 have the goal of adoption. Of those who have a goal of adoption, 257 are in pre-adoptive placements but not finalized, and 1,085 are awaiting termination of parental rights and adoptive placement.